Risks of hypertension

The higher your blood pressure levels are, the more at risk of developing other health problems, such as heart disease, heart attacks, or cardiovascular disease.

Your doctor may diagnose high blood pressure and make treatment decisions, reviewing your blood pressure levels and comparing them to levels set in national and international guidelines.

There are usually no signs or symptoms of alertness in hypertension, in fact, many people don’t know they have it. Making a constant measurement is the only way to know if you have high blood pressure.

Hypertension can harm your health in many ways. It could damage important organs, such as the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.





  • Heart attack or heart disease: High pressure can damage your arteries and make them less elastic, reducing blood and oxygen flow to your heart, causing heart disease
  • Cerebrovascular events or brain problems: Hypertension can cause arteries that carry blood and oxygen to the brain to rupture or block causing a stroke. These events can cause effects to talk, move and other basic activities and can even lead to death.
  • Kidney disease: Adults with diabetes or hypertension, or both, have a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease than those who do not have these conditions.


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020). High blood pressure symptoms and causes. Retrieved from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/about.htm

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